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Digital Army 2018

Indian Army is in a phase of transition from conventional warfare to information enabled warfare i.e. from platform centric to network centric warfare. The full realisation of any such revolution is possible only with technological development, organisational adaptation, and most importantly a national will. An effective and technologically sound IT force along with robust communication networks has been created to facilitate real time sharing of information and quick decision making so as to achieve information superiority. 

A road map has been formulated by the Indian Army which can be progressed steadily towards being a potent IT force. The Army has identified the development of C4I2 systems as a major thrust area for modernisation of the army. 

Command Information and Decision Support System (CIDSS), Artillery Command, Control and Computer System (ACCCS), Battlefield Support System (BSS), Air Defence Control and Reporting System, and Battle Management System (BMS) are the major projects under development. Integrated together with requisite communications, these systems will provide near real time “Sensor to Shooter” links to make army a network centric force.

The Army is working to find appropriate solutions and a common network centric operations philosophy is being worked out. Progress in most projects is very slow and the interoperability with other Services is presently not on the horizon. Therefore, time critical targets will inevitably suffer from delayed engagement. 

Key Technologies

The most significant technology in the current RMA is the one which increases battle-space awareness. Enhanced awareness can only be acquired by “digitising” the battlefield. That is to say, digital technology is built into aircraft, tanks, artillery, and individual soldier systems, with the intention of providing commanders with “situational awareness”, an instantaneous and complete picture of the battlefield. 

Enhancing battle-space awareness together with a command and control architecture to act on information received requires advanced command, control, communications, computers and intelligence processing (C4I) systems. Automation of command and control systems, have incrementally moved from C3I, to C4I, C4 ISR (SR stands for surveillance and reconnaissance) and now C4I2 (Intelligence and Interoperability) SR in order to meet the demand for real time, robust, reliable and efficient command and control systems. By reducing the information-decision-action loop to a matter of minutes, advanced command and control systems have the potential to allow a commander to control a battle from one moment to the next. This will also result in “information dominance” of the battlefield and confer battle-winning advantages.

What is Included

Broadband digital communication networks 

Command and control architecture

Communications to weapon systems 

Cyber attacks and defences

Decentralized decision making of the information age

Decision Making Support Systems

Information age army 

Information based warfare 

Information Sharing

Integrative Technologies (C4I2)

Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR)

Network Centric Warfare (NCW) 

Network platforms and fusion of systems 

Networked Communications, 

Reconnaissance and surveillance systems 

Situational awareness

Threats to digital capabilities

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